Growth and Trend of Urbanisation in Sikkim: An Analysis

Vol-6 | Issue-05 | May-2021 | Published Online: 15 May 2021    PDF ( 680 KB )
Debalina Roy 1; Susanta Das 2

1M.Phil. Student, Department of Geography and Applied Geography, University of North Bengal

2Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Mirik College, West Bengal


Nearly half of the population lives in urban areas in the global scenario. But India and other developing countries were below the average worldwide. Urban areas seem to constitute a big part of the region’s economy as they include most large businesses, indicating global economic integration. This study explores Sikkim’s urbanisation level and pattern. This research is based on secondary data. It was a meso level analysis. Sikkim is a hill state with some of the country’s hardest terrain. Thus, with approximately 47.11 per cent (2019) of land protected under trees, the number of habitable land falls further. Diverse indices, such as urban development levels or the degree of urbanisation, decadal rates of urbanisation growth, urbanisation rates, contribution of urban growth to total growth, pace of urban development, rank size rule etc. were examined for both the level and trend of the urbanisation process. The study finds that the urbanisation level in the study area is poor. Only one district’s urbanisation is good and some districts are steadily expanding.

Pace of Urbanization, Rate of Urbanization, Urbanization. Transition
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