Conflict between Freedom and Duty : A Study of Women in Greek Society as Represented in Sophocles’ Antigone

Vol-1| Issue-3 | March 2016 | Published Online: 10 March 2016    PDF ( 146 KB )
Author(s)
Miss Subhrajyoti Saikia 1

1Assistant Professor, Department of English, D.K.D College,Dergaon (Assam)

Abstract

Women since time immemorial have constantly stood in the shadows of men. Three characters from Sophocles‟ Antigone will be examined to show the portrayal of women in Greek society. Actually the status that men and women enjoy in the society is socially and culturally determined. The Greek society was also not an exception. Women in ancient Greece were not considered as primary citizens equal to men .They held no property, nor could they pursue administrative goals and indeed were not even allowed to move out of the house except under guard. The ideal of women being weak and inferior to men and kept segregated in Greek society is portrayed through the character of Ismene, Antigone‟s sister. Sophocles‟ play Antigone presents us with three different types of women : the strong-willed protagonist, Antigone, Ismene, her weak sister and Eurydice, the wife of king Creon. Through each of these characters‟ personalities, choices and their ways of life Sophocles‟ brings to the forefront the status and position of women in ancient Greece and also shows how women were fighting against the imposed social norms at that time.

Keywords
women, Greek society, feminist, patriarchy ,tragedy
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