Baul Kheda (Expulsion) Movement of Rangpur and Kushthia: An Overview

Vol-6 | No-01 | January-2021 | Published Online: 17 January 2021    PDF ( 224 KB )
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31305/rrijm.2021.v06.i01.004
Author(s)
Biplab Biswas 1; Dr. Bipul Mandal 2

1Research Scholar & State Aided College Teacher, Department of History, Nakshalbari College, Nakshalbari, Darjeeling, West Bengal, India, 734429

2Assistant Professor & Head, Department of History, Kaliyaganj College (University of GourBanga), Kaliyaganj, Uttar Dinajpur, West Bengal, India, 733129

Abstract

„Baul Community‟ is one of the non-institutional group in our Society. The word „Baul‟ is a generic description given to an ascetic and deeply spiritual people who for centuries have remained at the farthest fringe of Bengal‟s society. While the word may be unknown elsewhere in the world of Bengal. They are instantly identified as a group of people with a one stringed lute like musical instrument with a gourd bottom called ektara. The Bauls of Bengal believe in a religion largely based on ideas from Hinduism, Islam and Buddhism. It is the Bauls disregard the social constraints, such as the caste system which leave them free to achieve the liberation through the realization of the Divine. This is because of their attitude they had been humiliated by the so called aristocratic people of the society. However, the present generation has been able to understand their importance in the cultural history of Bengal as well as the World. It must be mentioned that nowadays the researchers are choosing this Baul culture as the subject of their research. Bauls of Bengal have a rich contribution to the Bengali songs, especially to the folk songs. Not only that, their philosophy, practice, outlook, defiance of caste or communal division- all these characteristics have established the Baul sect on a strong foothold in our contemporary Bengali society. They are not now a marginalized section of the nineteenth-twentieth century.

Keywords
Beggars, Ektara, Kayavad, Marginalized, Non-institutional, Pagal, Sadhu-Guru
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